Linux Academy Lesson: Basic User Management For Fresh Images/Server Installs

This lesson and the entire course “Introduction To The Linux Server” is available free at
In this lesson we are going to go over the basics of user management on our instance. First we want to change the “user” password, change the “root” password and add yourself a personal user. You will learn why you should do all of these things and how to do them. If you have never used Linux then this lesson is for you. We are going to start with the basic concepts and explain why or why not to do these tasks.


Getting Started With Google Analytics For Your Site

Everyone has heard about Google Analytics at some point. But what does it exactly do? It’s a web analytics tool that shows you how people find your site (for instance through a search engine, ads, etc), how they navigate through your website and how they become costumers. You’re also able to track your mobile websites, mobile apps and web enabled mobile devices, bot high end and non-JavaScript enabled phones. You can find out which browser and which operating system your visitors use, which search queries they use and what the landing pages are. You can also see how many new and returning visitors you have. And what’s also important to know is how long they stay on your website.

When You Should Disable Root Login…Or Not

When should you disable root login? Disabling root login is a super easy trick to increase security on your machine. Let’s take a look at why and when you should disable the root login and also when it’s OK to keep root login enabled. Root or administrator users are the default users on almost all systems. By their name, we know that they have all privileges on the machine and control everything. In previous articles I’ve suggested several times that disabling root login and created root privilege users is a good security practice but in realty you don’t always have to do this. Let’s first look at when it is best practice to disable root login.

5 Useful Tools For Responsive Web Design

1. FitText.js

The first one I’d like to discuss is a JavaScript plugin that makes font sizes flexible. It’s called FitText and is pretty simple to use. You can download it, for free, on github. In the zip file you’ll find 3 files: a readme file, the actual JavaScript file and an example.

Like I said, it’s fairly easy to use. If you open the example, you’ll see that the headers (h1) all got an id. It’s these parts that will be resized when you resize the window. Their are a couple of things you have to pay attention to in the css file, or script if you put in the html file. However FitText ignores the font-size you specify in the css file (body tag), you have to be sure to set one as a fallback in case JavaScript is turned off. You also have to make sure that the h1 tag has a display block with a specified width.

So in the example, they just call the function for the first id (fittext1) which has all the default values. For the second id (fittext2) they set a “compressor” value. If you set a high compressor value, the text will shrink more aggressively. If you give a lower value, for instance .fitText(0.8), the text will shrink less aggressively. For the third id (fittext3) they set a min- and maxFontSize, this allows users to specify two optional pixel values.

More information, and the link to github, can be found on their website

2. Adaptive Images

This tool detects your visitor’s screen size and automatically creates, caches and delivers device appropriate re-scaled versions of your web page’s embedded HTML images. It’s a bit more difficult to use because, you don’t only have to know the basics of html and css, you also have to have some basic server knowledge. You can also download this tool for free on github. When you unzip this file it’s best to first read the instructions file. Here you’ll find a very detailed list of instruction to create your adaptive images.

They say the setup is really easy and quick (just 3 steps). You first have to add the .htaccess and adaptive-images.php to your document-root folder. Than you have to add just one line of JavaScript between the head tags. And finally you have to add your css media query values into $resolutions in the php file.

You can find all the information you need on

3. Responsive Testing

My prayers have been answered with this tool. I find it really dreadful to constantly have to resize my huge window so I can test a responsive website. No more I tell you! Just visit and enter the url of the website you’d like to test. You can test only on the width or the device sizes. You have a beautiful overview for each device and their fore you can easily see where you have to tweak some more. The only downside I could find is the fact that it only covers apple’s products. So if you create for Android tablets or phones you still have to figure out their device sizes. But even for them it will be a great help!

4. Less Framework 4

“Less Framework is a CSS grid system for designing adaptive websites. It contains 4 layouts and 3 set of typography presets, all based on a single grid.” You can download Less Framework for free on github.

If you want to see what it does, you just create a new webpage with some dummy text in it from you just have to copy the css you want (I choose the main-16px.css) and paste it in your css file. If you run the page now you can already see it in action. If you want something more sophisticated, you can always tweak a couple of things in the css file.

There are a couple of rules you have to keep in mind when you want to use this tool for your website. So for more information about this useful grid tool, visit their website

5. Responsive Web Design Sketch Sheets

If you still use paper and pencil to create your mockups, you could use these sketch sheets for your responsive web sites. You can download the sheets at

jQuery Mobile Development Guide

jQuery Mobile has rocked the web with an easy way of quickly developing mobile applications. Not just mobile web apps but using PhoneGap you can build native applications that can be downloaded in the available app stores. jQuery Mobile can be as flexible as you want it to be, but out of the box it’s built to quickly launch your applications with pre-built design templates or using the jQuery Mobile theme roller.

Below is a detailed plan that will help you learn jQuery Mobile and all the possibilities. Use it as a reference guide when your looking to figure something out or trying to determine if there is something you can do in jQuery Mobile. If your looking for a tut that is not here, please request it in the comments and we’ll look into making it.

(more…) | Learn Linux

Linux Academy provides interactive step by step video courses that will take a newbie to professional over the next several months.  The Academy starts out with an introduction to the Linux server and builds from there.  The Linux Academy allows you to interact with a real Linux lab environment, giving you the ability to play, learn, and follow lessons on actual Linux servers. You could boot up your server, start following a lesson (or just play for fun) and delete the file system.  It takes nothing more than two clicks to delete your server and re-build one from scratch.  As a result, anyone in the IT field can learn to manage or interact with Linux servers. Go to the Linux Academy

Are you interested in learning Linux at the Linux Academy? You might be wondering what you will learn at the Linux Academy. Below is an outline of the available courses coming to the Linux Academy. Ready to start learning Linux? Head to the Linux Academy!

Simple Security Tricks To Harden A New Linux Web Server

There are a few things you need to always remember when setting up a new Linux server. By default the root login is enabled for most systems. The best practice is to disable root login. Also, if you are transferring files via FTP, the best way to do this securely is via SFTP (not FTP). The quick difference is that FTP sends passwords/data in plain text versus encrypted text in SFTP. Let’s take a look at how to solve these issues and harden a Linux server.

The Possibilities and Restrictions of Responsive Web Design: Responsive Data Tables

As you may have read, I’m a student Interactive Multimedia Design at the college of Mechelen. I’m in my final year, and as all graduates we have to create a final project. Me and my partner have decided to create a mobile website so motorists can pay their parking fee with their phone or tablet. This will be my very first responsive web site I’ve ever made.

There are a couple of things I wish I knew before I started this project and the major one has to be that working together with a city brings a lot of extra difficulties to a project. For instance we HAVE to work together with their ICT department, which basically means we always have to ask for their approval after coding a page (which may take a couple of weeks).